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Cord Performance Of Selected Coconut Varieties/Hybrids Under Sequential Coconut Toddy And Nut Production Scheme Or SCTNP

The response to sequential coconut toddy and nut production (SCTNP) scheme of four coconut varieties/hybrids at PCA-Zamboanga Research Center, San Ramon, Zamboanga City showed that the dwarf x tall hybrids, Malayan red dwarf x Baybay tall (MRD x BAYT), Malayan red dwarf x Tagnanan tall (MRD x TAGT) and Catigan green dwarf x Laguna tall (CATD x LAGT) produced significantly higher toddy (495 – 699 li/tree/yr) and nut yield (143-169 nuts/tree/yr)  compared  to tall cultivar, ‘Laguna’ LAGT (364 li and 123 nuts per tree per year).  Varietal difference in terms of the floral and vegetative characteristics of the coconut  cultivar and hybrids contributed significantly to the differences in the sap/toddy and nut yields.

Based on one year and eight  months production period, the  SCTNP palms  with toddy and nut yields produced an average annual net return of  P246,705, ten times that of the net returns from the common practice or of nut production (NP) palms  (P23,855){1$ =P51} with nut/copra yield alone. The SCTNP palms also manifested higher benefit-cost ratio  over the NP palms with  1.83  and  1.00, respectively.  Between local hybrids and   tall variety, the dwarf  x tall hybrids  are highly recommended materials for SCTNP scheme as reflected in their higher  net returns and benefit-cost ratio over the  latter.

The processing of coconut  toddy into its by-products (beverage, syrup, sugar and vinegar) offers a bigger opportunity for coconut farmers for increased income due to higher net returns derived from production and marketing of these products. The SCTNP allows  coconut farms to follow an integrated production, processing and marketing enterprise, aimed at optimizing farmer’s income.



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